PLAGIARISM is using others ideas and words without clearly acknowledging the source of that information.
In the preparation of essays and projects, we continually engage with other people's ideas: we read them in books, hear them in lectures, discuss them in class. When we begin to write essays, and incorporate these ideas into our own writing, it is very important that we give credit where it is due.
To avoid plagiarism you must give credit whenever you :
How to recognise unacceptable paraphrase, ie, plagiarism
The following ORIGINAL text has been taken from the book: The Google Story.
“Not since Gutenberg invented the modern printing press more than 500 years ago, making books and scientific tomes affordable and widely available to the masses, has any new invention empowered individuals, and transformed access to information, as profoundly as Google.”
From: Vise, David A. (2005) The Google Story. Macmillan: London
Unacceptable paraphrase that is plagiarism:
The most important invention that has affected access to information since Gutenberg invented the modern printing press and made books affordable and widely available, is Google, an invention that has empowered individuals and transformed access to information around the world.
This passage is considered plagiarism because:
Here's an ACCEPTABLE paraphrase:
It has been stated that Google has revolutionised the information world by providing access to information through the internet. Vise notes that not since Gutenberg invented the modern press has any new invention empowered individuals and transformed access to information as profoundly as Google. (Vise, 2005 p. 1)
This is ACCEPTABLE paraphrasing because:
Directly Quoting The Text
Google has revolutionised the way people access information in today’s information technological society. “Not since Gutenberg invented the modern printing press ... has any new invention empowered individuals, and transformed access to information, as profoundly as Google.” (Vise, 2005 p. 1) Google’s easy to use search engine enables users to access information quickly and efficiently through various options, including Google Scholar and Google Book Search.
This is the correct way to use a direct quote because:
Strategies for avoiding plagiarism:
Short quotations can make a strong impact. When using someone's words you must use quotation marks, and state precisely where the quotation comes from - ie. cite the author, date and page number at the end of the quotation.
He stated that Google has, "empowered individuals and transformed access to information " ( Vise, 2005 p. 1)
Vise (2005) argues that Google has "empowered individuals and transformed access to information" ( p. 1).
When you decide to use a citation you may need to use a reporting verb to integrate it into your text. For example "Hudson (2004) identifies the benefits of videocounselling for families of teenagers with epilepsy (p. 76). - Note the page details are given at the end of each sentence.
Vise (2005) established that . (p. 27)
Vise (2005) examined the issue from a different perspective. (p. 27).
Referring to "transformed access to information", Vise (2005) states that . (p. 27).
Vise (2005) contends that . (p. 27)
Vise (2005) claimed that . (p. 27)
Vise (2005) suggests that . (p. 27)
Three possible intrepretations of these results have been suggested (Vise, 2005, p27)
According to Vise (2005) . (p. 276)
Note that it is also possible to cite an author without using a reporting verb. Simply restate the authors point of view - in your own words, or use the phrase "according to".
For example " According to Malley (2004, p.25) the accidental plagiarist is one who doesn't understand plagiarism"
The Web has become a popular source of information for student papers. To avoid plagiarizing these sources follow the same guidelines as print sources:
Adapted from "Plagiarism: General Overview" at CreatARTLearner under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 License